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Collection Number RG0726.AM
Collection Name RG0726 Half-Breed Tract (Nemaha and Richardson Counties, Neb.)
Identifier Political papers
Size and Materials 0.5 cu.ft.; 1 box
Title Half-Breed Tract collection
Date or Date Span 1830-1943
Year Range from 1830
Year Range to 1943
Admin/Biographical History On July 15, 1830, at Prarie du Chien in Michigan Territory, the United States concluded a treaty with several Indian tribes including the Oto and Missouri. Article ten of this treaty provided for the establishment of the Nemaha Half-Breed Reservation, which extended from the Missouri River westward between the Great Nemaha and Little Nemaha Rivers, and comprised some 138,000 acres in what is now southeastern Nebraska. It was set aside for the half-breeds of the Oto, Missouri, Iowa, and Omaha tribes, and the Santee and Yankton Sioux. The half-breed reservation included portions of present day Nemaha and Richardson counties.

Congress, by an act of July 1, 1854, authorized the President to cause the reserve to be surveyed and allotted to persons so entitled. By 1860, the claims had been reviewed, and on September 10 of that year, 389 patents were issued for a total of 122,240 acres. The half-breeds had no obligation to live on their lands, and many soon sold them, often for less than they were worth. By 1870, very few half-breeds still remained on their allotted land.
Level of description Fonds/Coll
Scope & Content This collection consists of material arranged in four series: 1) Correspondence, 1857-1943; 2) Manuscripts; 3) Printed Matter; and 4) Maps.

This material relates to the selection and allotment of lands for the half-breeds of the Oto, Missouri, and other tribes from the reserve known as the Half-Breed Tract. Included in the collection are descriptions of these allotments and a list of half-breeds and mixed breeds of the various tribes and maps of the Half-Breed Land. The bulk of the correspondence and manuscript material relates to research on the history of the Half-Breed Tract by C. O. Snow of Auburn, Nebraska.
Creator Snow, Charles Otis, 1858-
Finding Aids Half-Breed Tract (Nemaha and Richardson Counties, Neb.) finding aid
Subjects Indian reservations
Indians of North America
Government relations
People Snow, Charles Otis, 1858-1937
Search Terms Half-Breed Tract (Nemaha and Richardson Counties, Neb.)
Indians -- Government relations
Indians -- History
Indians -- Land
Indians -- Nebraska
Indians -- Reservations
Indians -- Treaties
Missouri Indians
Nemaha County (Neb.) -- History
Oto Indians
Richardson County (Neb.) -- History