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Name Pershing, John J. "Black Jack," 1860-1948
Othernames Pershing, John Joseph
General "Black Jack" Pershing
Born 09/13/1860
Birthplace Laclede, Linn County, Missouri
Places of residence Nebraska (Lancaster), Lincoln
Titles & honors Pershing was recipient of innumerable military awards and also received many honorary degrees from universities throughout the nation and the world.
Father Pershing, John F. (1834-1906)
Mother Thompson, Anne Elizabeth (1835-1902)
Education He received his early education in Missouri and his B.A. degree from Normal School at Kirksville, Missouri in 1880. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1886. In 1896 he received a L.L.B. degree from Nebraska University.
Notes Pershing began his military career in 1886 when he served in the Apache campaign in New Mexico and Arizona under General Miles. In 1890-1891 he served in the Sioux campaign in the Dakotas and participated in the Battle of Wounded Knee. During the period 1891-1895, he was a military instructor at the University of Nebraska. He was promoted to rank of captain while serving in Cuba during the Spanish American War in 1898. From 1904 to 1906 Pershing was Military attache of the United States in Japan. During this time he served with the Japanese Army in its 1905 campaign of Manchuria. He was advanced to the rank of Brigadier General by President Roosevelt in 1906. In 1916 he led the American expedition into Mexico in pursuit of Pancho Villa. In 1917 he was selected by President Wilson to command the General American Expeditionary Forces in France. He was appointed Chief of Staff of the United States Army in 1921 and in this position was instrumental in a reconstruction of the Army involving the establishment of the National Guard as a part of the Regular Army forces. He retired from active service in 1924.

Pershing was married at Washington, D.C. in 1905 to Francis Warren. In 1915 his wife and three daughters died in a fire which swept their quarters at the Presido in San Francisco. Pershing's son, Warren, survived the tragedy.

See RG2378.AM: John J. Pershing, 1860-1948 in the NSHS archives for more information.
Occupation Military
Publications Pulitzer prize winning "My Experiences in the World War and Final Report of General John J. Pershing" and "Commander-in-Chief of American Expeditionary Forces"
Relationships Paddock, Grace Pershing (sister)
Butler, Mary Pershing (sister)
Pershing, Anna May (sister)
Pershing, John Fletcher (brother)
Pershing, Ward B. (brother)
Role Military
Spouse Warren, Helen Frances (1880-1915)
Children Pershing, Frances Warren (1909-1980)
Pershing, Mary Margaret (1912-1915)
Pershing, Anne Orr (1908-1915)
Pershing, Helen Elizabeth (1906-1915)
Deceased 07/15/1948
Deceased where Washington, D.C.

Associated Records

Image of RG0981.AM - RG0981 Everett, Harry H., 1875-1949

RG0981.AM - RG0981 Everett, Harry H., 1875-1949

The collection contains three items: 1. A "safe conduct" pass/certificate for foreign travel issued by the U.S. Department of State in the name of Harry H. Everett. The certificate is dated April 3, 1913. 2. A letter signed by William Jennings Bryan to Diplomatic and Consular Officers of the United States introducing Harry Everett. The letter is dated April 3, 1913. 3. A letter signed by John J. Pershing to Harry H. Everett dated September 18, 1942. Pershing expresses his appreciation to Mr. and Mrs. Harry Everett for birthday greetings sent to him.

RG4944.MI - RG4944.MI: Pershing Rifles

Student-made film titled "The Highest Ideals" (c.1957) about the history and activities of the Pershing Rifles, an elite corps of the ROTC at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Also includes a short home movie of a corps gathering.

Image of 10824-1 - Chair, Folding; General Pershing, WWI

10824-1 - Chair, Folding; General Pershing, WWI

Folding wooden chair painted white. Deep but narrow seat. The legs no longer fold due to the heavy coat of paint covering the metal joints. The back folds down toward the seat.

Image of 11055-2430 - Sheet Music, Just Like Washington Crossed the Dela; General Pershing Will Cross the Rhine

11055-2430 - Sheet Music, Just Like Washington Crossed the Dela; General Pershing Will Cross the Rhine

Sheet music for "Just Like Washington Crossed the Delaware, General Pershing Will Cross the Rhine". The cover has an image of George Washington crossing the Delaware and the lower 3rd has two eagles flanking a circle framed portrait of Gen. John Pershing. The music is by George Meyer and the words by Howard Johnson. Kate Elinore and Sam Williams suggested the theme. The sheet music includes the cover sheet. Predominate colors are white, blue, red, and black.

Image of 11055-617 - Sheet Music, When Old Glory Floats Over the Rhine

11055-617 - Sheet Music, When Old Glory Floats Over the Rhine

Sheet music of "When Old Glory Floats Over the Rhine," by Leone Driscol and arranged by Jean Gilbert Jones. Published by the Driscoll-Jones Pub. Co., Omaha, Nebr. Image: A red, white, blue, and brown sketch of soldiers marching on a temporary bridge over the Rhine R.

Image of 11694-1 - Quilt; Red Cross

11694-1 - Quilt; Red Cross

Red Cross quilt consisting of 42 Blocks. Each block is embroidered with the outline of a cross. The center of each cross has a smaller cross that is rotated 45 degrees, forming more of an "X" when viewed straight on. Blocks are signed in black ink. There are 672 names, including Woodrow Wilson, Secretary of War Baker, General Pershing, and Theodore Roosevelt. Hand sewn and embroidered.

Image of 11792-1 - Coat, White Mess, USA, Army, Spanish American War, John J. Pershing

11792-1 - Coat, White Mess, USA, Army, Spanish American War, John J. Pershing

White mess coat; waist length; unlined; no shoulder knots; full-length sleeves, banded w/ 4" wide braid at the wrist; embroidered, 5-point, creamy white star above the braid on each sleeve's front; 3 eyelets parallel to lower center front openinings; 3 decorative buttonholes perpendicular to upper cent front opening on lapels; pocket on inside of proper left jacket front; jacket's inside has interlined front facings continuing to padded underarm facings; all seam edges are finished. COLORS: white-but very discolored

Image of 13000-3563 - Poster, World War I, John J. Pershing, "Welcome"

13000-3563 - Poster, World War I, John J. Pershing, "Welcome"

Shield shaped poster with an image of General John J. Pershing in uniform. Red and white stripes in the background. "Welcome" on a blue background at the top. "C.H. Hohmann" stamped on the back

Image of 13000-3564 - Poster, General John J. Pershing, Welcome

13000-3564 - Poster, General John J. Pershing, Welcome

Shield shaped poster with an image of General John J. Pershing in uniform. Red and white stripes in the background. "Welcome" on a blue background at the top. Small tag pasted on top from Mid-West Taylors, Hastings, NE, advertising suits for $15.00

Image of 13000-3565 - Poster, General John J. Pershing, Welcome

13000-3565 - Poster, General John J. Pershing, Welcome

Shield shaped poster with an image of General John J. Pershing in uniform. Red and white stripes in the background. "Welcome" on a blue background at the top. Small tag pasted on top is from Mid-West Tailors, Hastings, NE, advertising suits for $15.

Image of 13000-3566 - Poster, General John J. Pershing, Welcome

13000-3566 - Poster, General John J. Pershing, Welcome

Shield shaped poster with an image of General John J. Pershing in uniform. Red and white stripes in the background. "Welcome" on a blue background at the top. "C.H. Hohmann" stamped on the back

Image of 13339-2-(1-2) - Cover, First Day; Nebraska Statehood Stamp, with card

13339-2-(1-2) - Cover, First Day; Nebraska Statehood Stamp, with card

White envelope with a sepia-toned design on the proper right half. The design depicts the Nebraska Capitol Building and official Centennial medal surrounded by names of famous individuals and Native American tribes. Lettering above the design reads "Nebraska / Centennial / 1867-1967." Beneath the design is "Official First / Day Cover." Nebraska Statehood five cent postage stamp in upper proper left corner. Stamp depicts a ear of corn with a cow in front of it. Hand stamp beneath postage stamp reads "First Day of Issue." Postmarked at upper center "Lincoln, NB / Jul / 29 / 1967." Informational card included with envelope gives an overview of the history of Nebraska statehood, the Capitol

Image of 13339-3-(1-2) - Cover, First Day; Nebraska Statehood Stamp, with card

13339-3-(1-2) - Cover, First Day; Nebraska Statehood Stamp, with card

White envelope with a sepia-toned design on the proper right half. The design depicts the Nebraska Capitol Building and official Centennial medal surrounded by names of famous individuals and Native American tribes. Lettering above the design reads "Nebraska / Centennial / 1867-1967." Beneath the design is "Official First / Day Cover." Nebraska Statehood five cent postage stamp in upper proper left corner. Stamp depicts a ear of corn with a cow in front of it. Hand stamp beneath postage stamp reads "First Day of Issue." Postmarked at upper center "Lincoln, NB / Jul / 29 / 1967." Informational card included with envelope gives an overview of the history of Nebraska statehood, the Capitol

Image of 4541-84A - Poster; World War I; YMCA; Gen. Pershing

4541-84A - Poster; World War I; YMCA; Gen. Pershing

Drawing of general pershing with a quote him below. "A sense of obligation for the varied and useful service rendered to the army in France by the Y.M.C.A. prompts me to join in the appeal for its further financia support I have opportunity to observe its operations, measure the quality of its personnel and mark its beneficial infuence upon our troops, and I wish unreservedly to commend its work for the Army." "United War Work Campaign"; "November 11-18, 1918"

Image of 7294-5463 - Sheet Music, How Do You Do? USA?; To Gen. John Pershing

7294-5463 - Sheet Music, How Do You Do? USA?; To Gen. John Pershing

Sheet music for "How do you do?" on the Motifs of the Franco-American March, U.S.A. ? Here We Are composed by P. Condini. English words by Richter. French words by Roland Gael. This is a song about Gen. John Pershing in Paris. There is an illustration of him, in uniform, on the front cover. There are two pages of music. The back cover has an advertisement in French. The music is made from a single sheet of paper that is folded in half.

Image of 752P-1 - Painting; Portrait, Gen. John J. Pershing, By Martha McKelvie

752P-1 - Painting; Portrait, Gen. John J. Pershing, By Martha McKelvie

Painting depicts General John J. Pershing in uniform, coat and hat. He is holding binoculars with his right hand. It is 3/4 Length. There are soldiers on horseback in the background, carrying the American flag. Colors are predominately browns and tans. There is a trench in the background and there is a bit of blue water illustrated in the far background.

Image of 7701-43 - Armband, Quill; feathers; tin cones; feathers

7701-43 - Armband, Quill; feathers; tin cones; feathers

Single armband made of rawhide, with strips of rawhide that are wrapped with pieces of quill. The colors of quill are red, purple, white and purple. Four strips of leather wrapped with orange quillwork hang from the cuff. The tips of the quilled strips have red and light green feathers attached to them.

Image of 7701-44 - Pipe Bowl; Catlinite; T shaped; Raised Rings

7701-44 - Pipe Bowl; Catlinite; T shaped; Raised Rings

Pipe bowl; catlinite; T shaped with short, tapered anterior end and 5 raised rings on each end. Catlinite is dark red, with pink flecks and some grayish colorations. Bowl is round in the cross section with blackened interior.

Image of 7701-45 - Club, Oval Stone Head; Leather Covered Handle

7701-45 - Club, Oval Stone Head; Leather Covered Handle

Club with fixed stone head construction. Oval shaped head is made of light gray-brown colored stone. The stone has a thick band of rawhide wrapped around it attaching it to the handle. The handle is a rounded wooden stick wrapped with rawhide that is secured with sinew.

Image of 7701-5 - Helmet, Military, U.S.; World War I, John J. Pershing

7701-5 - Helmet, Military, U.S.; World War I, John J. Pershing

US World War I helmet. Appears to be a battlefield pickup. Rusty olive drab color remains, slightly sandy.