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Name Sitting Bull
Othernames Thathánka Íyotake
Sitting Bull the Good
Sitting Bull of the South
Born 1831 circa
Birthplace Grand River, Dakota Territory
Father Jumping Bear
Mother Her-Holly-Door
Nationality Hunkpapa Lakota
Notes Sitting Bull is recorded as having 4-5 wives during his life, typically living with two wives at a time.
Sitting Bull died in 1890 following an altercation with police at the Standing Rock Agency.
-Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield: The Life and Times of Sitting Bull. 1st ed. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1993.
-Mooney, James. (Abridged version) The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890. Originally published as Part 2 of the Fourteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1892-93, Washington: GPO, 1896. Abridged version publication information: Edited by Anthony F. C. Wallace. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.
Relationships Big Foot (half brother)
White Bull (nephew)
Flying Hawk (nephew)
Annie Oakley (symbolically "adopted" daughter)
Spouse Light Hair, Four Robes, Snow-on-Her, Seen-by-her-Nation, Scarlet Woman
Children Standing Holy (only daughter)
One Bull (adopted son)
Crow Foot (son)
Many Horses (daughter)
Walks Looking (adopted daughter)
Deceased 1890 Dec 15
Deceased where Standing Rock Agency, South Dakota

Associated Records

Image of RG2063.PH000037-000006 - Negative, Sheet Film

RG2063.PH000037-000006 - Negative, Sheet Film

This is a portrait of Hunkpapa Sioux Chief Sitting Bull of the Lakota Tribe in South Dakota. He is seated, with a pipe on his lap. He is wearing a headdress and clothing traditional to his tribe. He is seated in front of a tipi with the flaps upraised.

Image of RG2063.PH000037-000007 - Postcard

RG2063.PH000037-000007 - Postcard

This is a family portrait showing a man, woman and child from the family of Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa chief of the Lakota in South Dakota. The man and woman are standing next to a tipi, while the child, a boy, is squatting on the ground. A sign reading, "Sitting Bull" can be seen on the tipi.

RG2845.PH - Collection, Photograph

The massacre at Wounded Knee emerged from a spiritual movement among the Plains Indians called the Ghost Dance religion. Tension between troops and Indians climaxed into the tragic confrontation at Wounded Knee. This collection consists of images documenting the days leading up to the battle and to its aftermath. This collection consists of photographs of ghost dancers, scenes from the massacre, group and individual portraits of both military men and Indians, and camps of both the infantry and the Indians at Pine Ridge Agency.

Image of RG2845.PH000016-000001 - Print, Photographic

RG2845.PH000016-000001 - Print, Photographic

A portrait of Chief Sitting Bull wearing a hat that seems to be adorned with a pair of butterfly wings. Photograph is on a Trager and Kuhn mount.

Image of RG2845.PH000016-000001-1 - Print, Photographic

RG2845.PH000016-000001-1 - Print, Photographic

A portrait of Chief Sitting Bull wearing a hat that seems to be adorned with a pair of butterfly wings. Copyrighted by the N.W. Photo Co., Chadron, Neb.

Image of RG2845.PH000119-000063 - Print, Photographic

RG2845.PH000119-000063 - Print, Photographic

Portrait of Chief Sitting Bull. This is a copy of a photograph by D.F. Barry. Indian War Views album page 32. Same photograph as 16-1.

Image of RG2955.PH000024 - Photograph, Cabinet

RG2955.PH000024 - Photograph, Cabinet

Interior studio portrait of Sitting Bull (Ta-Ton-ka-I-yo-ton-ka) with his signature at bottom. Note: This cabinet card was likely a souvenir from a Buffalo Bill Wild West Show. Sitting Bull joined the show for four months in 1885. He would ride around the arena once and then charged spectators to sign autographs.

Image of RG2969.PH000001-000097 - Negative, Glass Plate

RG2969.PH000001-000097 - Negative, Glass Plate

This image is a composite of four black and white studio photographs of Sitting Bull, Gall, White Bull, and Rain in the Face. In the top left corner, Gall wears an animal hide shirt and a feathered headdress. In the top right corner, Sitting Bull wears a brimmed hat and animal hide shirt. In the bottom left corner, Rain in the Face wears a white shirt and a dark-colored vest and has two feathers in his hair. In the bottom right corner, White Bull wears a white shirt and dark pants; he has two feathers in his hair and carries feathers in his hand. The photographs were taken at the Rosebud Reservation. Note: Gall was Leader at the Custer Massacre

Image of RG3004.PH0-000023 - Postcard, Picture

RG3004.PH0-000023 - Postcard, Picture

This is a studio portrait of Chief Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill Cody. Both men are standing, and Cody is holding a rifle.

RG3027.PH - Collection, Photograph

Dr. George P. Dix was a dentist for U.S. troops at Fort Randall. He along with Mr. Bailey and Mr. Mead commissioned the stereoscope photographs in this collection. Most of the photographs are of Sitting Bull and the winter camp of the Sioux Indians near Fort Randall. Twenty-four stereograph views showing Sitting Bull and family members, their winter camp near Fort Randall, and the 25th Infantry at Fort Randall, ca.1882. Many of the photos show tipis and people near their dwellings. Photos document rations being issued and Indian women resting after gathering wood. One photo of Sitting Bull includes his signature.

Image of RG4290.PH0-000034 - Negative, Sheet Film

RG4290.PH0-000034 - Negative, Sheet Film

"Sitting Bull" - Sioux, was painted in oil by Louise Ennis. Region No. 7, Nebr. (Copy Negative No. 58) FERA