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Catalog Number 4364-187-(2)
Title Stick; Game, Wheel and 4 Sticks
Object Name Game
Description Game, Hoop, 4 Sticks. Stick. Part of set including 1 hoop and 4 sticks. Stick is made of a long straight piece of wood that has leather wrapped around it. One end of the stick is carved into a 4 sided, faceted shape. Leather strips are secured with several large headed, short metal nails.
Year Range to 1934
Culture North American Indian/Lakota/Brule Sioux
Material Wood; Leather; Metal
Made Swift Bear
Used USA: South Dakota, Rosebud; USA: Nebraska (Boyd), Naper
Length (in) 47.5
Width (in) 0.625
People Swift Bear
History According to information in the donor file, this game consists of a hoop and four sticks. The hoop is marked four places. The game is played by rolling the hoop on the ground and throwing the sticks at it to knock it over. The stick that is nearest the mark wins the horses. Made by Chief Swift Bear. This is termed "gaming wheel and sticks" and is used in the ghost dance. It plays an important part in ceremonial activiites, especially the Sun Dance.

Collected by Charles F. Zimmerman. Zimmerman was born in 1866 in La Porte, Indiana and spent his youth in Iowa. He came to Boyd County Nebraska in 1883. He spent several years farming and then went to college to study medicine. He studied at the Omaha Medical College, the medical college in Sioux City, Iowa, and Grant's Medical College of Chattanooga, Tennessee, where he graduated in 1898. In 1907 he became a registered pharmacist. He was employed by the Indian Service for 27 years. He also operated a drug store at Naper and served as a doctor in the community. He was said to have had a lucrative practice over several counties in two states. In 1897 he married Mollie R. Sprinkle. Mollie studied pharmacy and nursing under her husband and assisted him in the drug store and with nursing. They had two daughters who passed away as infants. As a hobby, Charles collected Native American objects. Most were said to have been gifts, however some were purchased. His store was said to have been decorated with "mounted animals and birds in lifelike poses, perched on shelves, in show cases and windows. Petrified bones, buffalo skulls, horns, ancient vases and what not, are in evidence everywhere. . . Another door opens to the doctor's consultation room and here the Indian relics and curios are displayed. Each of the different articles is numbered and tagged, with a history and description. There are nearly 300 articles.. ." Charles Zimmerman passed away at home in Naper, Nebraska on November 15, 1931. After Mr. Zimmerman's death, Mrs. Zimmerman took full charge of the store. The collection came to the Nebraska State Historical Society in 1934.
Credit line Dr. and Mrs. Charles F. Zimmerman, Naper (Boyd), Nebraska
Collection Zimmerman, Dr. and Mrs. Charles F.
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