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Catalog Number 10122-33
Title Bridle, Beaded; Geometric; Metal Spanish Bit
Object Name Bridle
Description Bridle with metal bit. Bridle is made of strips of leather that are covered with glass beads. The beads are red, green, blue and white. The patterns include X and square shapes. The designs are arranged in colored beads against a white background. The edges of each strip are trimmed with dark blue beads. The bridle is constructed with a strip that goes around the back ears of the horse and extends to the lower jaw. A pair of strips is attached to center of this strip. An additional strip crosses the base of the pair of strips, creating two spaces for the horse ears. A long beaded leather strip with a leather thong on one end hangs free from the side. This leather strip is used to tie the bridle to the horse's head. An older metal bit is attached to the end of the bridle. The metal bit looks like iron, with some brass insets and incised designs. The center of the bit has a bar with a node shape at the top. The sides are round, with crescent extensions. Loops of metal wire are attached to the ends. See Custom Field for information about style of bit.
Year Range from 1600
Year Range to 1900
Culture Northern Plains/North American Indian
Material leather, metal, glass beads, shells, sinew
Place of Origin USA: South Dakota, Rosebud Reservation?
Used USA: Nebraska (Douglas), Omaha
Height (in) 0.75
Length (in) 32
Width (in) 15
People Smith, Roy
History From donor file: Bridle with a Spanish bit (c. 1650 possibly) and a headstall decorated with beaded work in a geometric pattern (Sioux). Bridle was found at the home of the donor's mother in Omaha in a trunk belonging to their uncle, Roy E. Smith of Omaha.
From curator notes in donor file: Mexican bit, presumably 1500-1800, estimated at 1650, belonging to a Mexican cavalry officer and somehow traded to a plains Indian.

From Note in file: "We think the uncle that might have originally gotten it was on the Rose Bud Reservation in White River S.D. about 1912. While there he knew a man by the name of Alowicious (you spell it) Eagleman who lived there. Good luck. Doc Jones"

From note from donor to curator: "We think the uncle that might have originally gotten it was on the Rosebud reservation in White River S.D. about 1912."
Credit line Dr. & Mrs. Lloyd S. Jones, Chico, California
Collection Jones, Lloyd S.