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Catalog Number 4364-288
Title Headdress; Buffalo Dance; Single Tail; Eagle Feathers; Made by Dark Eagle
Object Name Headdress
Description Eagle feather headdress. Swept back bonnet, single straight-line trail; skull cap made of black commercial felt (possibly part of a cowboy hat), circled by primary bald eagle feathers. Skull cap has small eagle feathers attached to it and a long quill with red textile wrapped around it extending from the center. The tip of each eagle feather has a small yellow feather and a tuft of gray horsehair glued to it. Quills attached to cap by leather and felt wrappings around bent tips. Trail of feathers are sewn to red wool with white muslin cotton backing. Headband is made of leather that has a geometric beaded design. The beaded design features triangles rendered in red, yellow, blue and green beads stitched to the leather with sinew.
Year Range to 1934
Culture North American Indian/Lakota/Hunkpapa Sioux
Material Feathers, Leather, Wool, Beads, Sinew
Made Dark Eagle
Used USA: South Dakota; USA: Nebraska (Boyd), Naper
Length (in) 69
Width (in) 20.5
People Dark Eagle
Red Hawk
Zimmerman, Charles F., 1866-1931
History "HEAD DRESS BOUGHT FROM RED HAWK MADE BY DARK EAGLE FROM SITTING BULLS BAND. FIFTY-SIX EAGLE FEATHERS THE SIX PLUMES ARE FROM THE INSIDE OF EAGLES LEGS, THE HEAD DRESS IS MADE FOR THE BUFFALO DANCE."

Collected by Charles F. Zimmerman. Zimmerman was born in 1866 in La Porte, Indiana and spent his youth in Iowa. He came to Boyd County Nebraska in 1883. He spent several years farming and then went to college to study medicine. He studied at the Omaha Medical College, the medical college in Sioux City, Iowa, and Grant's Medical College of Chattanooga, Tennessee, where he graduated in 1898. In 1907 he became a registered pharmacist. He was employed by the Indian Service for 27 years. He also operated a drug store at Naper and served as a doctor in the community. He was said to have had a lucrative practice over several counties in two states. In 1897 he married Mollie R. Sprinkle. Mollie studied pharmacy and nursing under her husband and assisted him in the drug store and with nursing. They had two daughters who passed away as infants. As a hobby, Charles collected Native American objects. Most were said to have been gifts, however some were purchased. His store was said to have been decorated with "mounted animals and birds in lifelike poses, perched on shelves, in show cases and windows. Petrified bones, buffalo skulls, horns, ancient vases and what not, are in evidence everywhere. . . Another door opens to the doctor's consultation room and here the Indian relics and curios are displayed. Each of the different articles is numbered and tagged, with a history and description. There are nearly 300 articles.. ." Charles Zimmerman passed away at home in Naper, Nebraska on November 15, 1931. After Mr. Zimmerman's death, Mrs. Zimmerman took full charge of the store. The collection came to the Nebraska State Historical Society in 1934.
Credit line Dr. and Mrs. Charles F. Zimmerman, Naper (Boyd), Nebraska
Collection Zimmerman, Dr. and Mrs. Charles F.